Journal of Vibration Testing and System Dynamics
Higher Order First Integrals of Autonomous Dynamical Systems in Terms of Geometric Symmetries
Journal of Vibration Testing and System Dynamics 7(1) (2023) 2330  DOI:10.5890/JVTSD.2023.03.004
Antonios Mitsopoulos, Michael Tsamparlis
Faculty of Physics, Department of
AstronomyAstrophysicsMechanics, University of Athens, Panepistemiopolis, Athens 157 83, Greece
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Abstract
In general, a system of differential equations is integrable if there exist `sufficiently many' first integrals (FIs) so that its solution can be found by means of quadratures. Therefore, the determination of the FIs is an important issue in order to establish the integrability of a dynamical system. In this work, we consider holonomic autonomous dynamical systems defined by equations $\ddot{q}^{a}= \Gamma_{bc}^{a}(q) \dot{q}^{b}\dot{q}^{c} Q^{a}(q)$ where $\Gamma^{a}_{bc}(q)$ are the coefficients of a symmetric (possibly nonmetrical) connection and $Q^{a}(q)$ are the generalized forces. We prove a theorem which produces the FIs of any order of such systems in terms of the `symmetries' of the geometry defined by the quantities $\Gamma_{bc}^{a}(q)$. We apply the theorem to compute quadratic and cubic FIs of various dynamical systems.
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