Skip Navigation Links
Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management
Dmitry Kovalevsky (editor), Jiazhong Zhang(editor)
Dmitry Kovalevsky (editor)

Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, Fischertwiete 1, 20095 Hamburg, Germany

Fax: +49 (0) 40 226338163 Email: dmitry.v.kovalevsky@gmail.com

Jiazhong Zhang (editor)

School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710049, China

Fax: +86 29 82668723 Email: jzzhang@mail.xjtu.edu.cn


Update Methods of the Global National Environmental Accounting Database (NEAD)

Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management 5(2) (2017) 105--116 | DOI:10.5890/JEAM.2017.06.003

Jiamin Pan$^{1}$, Hao Zhang$^{1}$, Xueqi Wang$^{1}$, Gengyuan Liu$^{1}$,$^{2}$

$^{1}$ State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

$^{2}$ Beijing Engineering Research Center for Watershed Environmental Restoration & Integrated Ecological Regulation, Beijing 100875, China

Download Full Text PDF

 

Abstract

In this paper, we updated the existing emergy analysis framework and calculation methods of The Global National Environmental Accounting Database (NEAD) based on the fast-developed raw global environmental database and the replacements of the nations and regions. Latest GIS grid coverages for renewable flows, the processes of updating raw data necessary for tabular synthesis, and filtrating energy conversion rates and unit emergy values for translating physical flows to emergy units have been updated and standardized. This calculation methods framework incorporates a standardized template within which primary flows are calculated and aggregated into the emergy summary flows and indices. It could be used to formalize data sources, detail line items, calculate energy conversion calculations, and assign Unit Emergy Values (UEVs) to flows and will strengthen the power and credibility of comparative national emergy analysis.

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the Fund for the Projects of Sino-America International Cooperation and Exchanges of NSFC (No. 51661125010), Creative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51121003), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFC0503005), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41471466, 71673029).

References

  1. [1]  Brown, M.T., Woithe, R.D., Montague, C.L. and Odum, E.D. 1993, Emergy Analysis Perspectives of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Report to the Cousteau Society. Center for Wetlands, University of Forida. CFW-93-01.
  2. [2]  Brown, M.T. and McClanahan, T.R. 1996, EMergy analysis perspectives of Thailand and Mekong River dam proposals, Ecological Modelling 91(1-3), 105-130.
  3. [3]  Brown, M.T. and Ulgiati, S. 1997, Emergy-based indices and ratios to evaluate sustainability: monitoring economies and technology toward environmentally sound innovation, Ecological Engineering 9(1-2), 51-69.
  4. [4]  Brown, M.T. and Ulgiati, S. 2010, Updated evaluation of exergy and emergy driving the geobiosphere: a review and refinement of the emergy baseline, Ecological Modelling 221(20), 2501-2508.
  5. [5]  Brown, M.T., Protano, G. and Ulgiati, S. 2010, Assessing geobiosphere work of generating global reserves of coal, crude oil, and natural gas, Ecological Modelling 222, 879-887.
  6. [6]  Buenfil, A.A. 2001, Emergy Evaluation of Water. PhD Dissertation. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL http://www.cep.ees.ufl.edu/emergy/documents/dissertations_theses/Buenfil_2001_Dissertation.pdf
  7. [7]  Cai, Z.F. and Zhang, L.X. 2009, Emergy-based analysis of Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan region in China, Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation 14, 4319-4331.
  8. [8]  Cohen, M.J., Sweeney, S., King, D. and Brown, M.T. 2007a, Soil, water, fish, and forests: natural capital in the wealth of nations. In Brown, M.T. (ed.), Proceedings of the 4th Biennial Emergy Research Conference. Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. http://www.cep.ees.ufl.edu/emergy/documents/conferences/ERC04_2006/ERC04_2006_Chapter_18.pdf
  9. [9]  Cohen, M.J., Sweeney, S. and Brown, M.T., 2007b, Computing the unit emergy value of crustal elements. In Brown, M.T. (ed.), Proceedings of the 4th Biennial Emergy Research Conference. Center for Environmental Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. http://www.cep.ees.ufl.edu/emergy/documents/conferences/ERC04_2006/ERC04_2006_Chapter_16.pdf
  10. [10]  Liu, G.Y., Yang, Z.F., Chen, B., Ulgiati, S. 2014, Emergy-based dynamic mechanisms of urban development, resource consumption and environmental impacts, Ecological Modelling 271, 90-102.
  11. [11]  Liu, X.Y., Liu, G.Y., Yang, Z.F., Chen, B., Ulgiati, S. 2016, Comparing national environmental and economic performances through emergy sustainability indicators: Moving environmental ethics beyond anthropocentrism toward ecocentrism, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 58, 1532-1542.
  12. [12]  Lou, B. and Ulgiati, S. 2013. Identifying the environmental support and constrains to the Chinese economic growth - An application of the Emergy Accounting method, Energy Policy 55, 217-233.
  13. [13]  Odum, H.T. 1996, Environmental accounting: emergy and environmental decision making, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York.
  14. [14]  Sweeney, S., Cohen, M.J. and Brown, M.T. 2007, Creation of a Global Emergy Database for Standardized National Emergy Synthesis, In (ed. M.T. Brown), Proceedings of the 4th Biennial Emergy Research Conference. Center for Environmental Policy, Gainesville, FL.