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Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management
Dmitry Kovalevsky (editor), Jiazhong Zhang(editor)
Dmitry Kovalevsky (editor)

Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, Fischertwiete 1, 20095 Hamburg, Germany

Fax: +49 (0) 40 226338163 Email: dmitry.v.kovalevsky@gmail.com

Jiazhong Zhang (editor)

School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710049, China

Fax: +86 29 82668723 Email: jzzhang@mail.xjtu.edu.cn


Greening A Cuban Local Mango Supply Chain: Sustainability Options and Management Strategies

Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management 4(3) (2016) 253--268 | DOI:10.5890/JEAM.2016.09.002

B.F. Giannetti$^{1}$,$^{2}$,$^{3}$, L. Prevez$^{1}$,$^{2}$,$^{3}$, F. Agostinho$^{1}$,$^{2}$,$^{3}$, C. M. V. B. Almeida$^{1}$,$^{2}$,$^{3}$

$^{1}$ Laboratório de Produção e Meio Ambiente

$^{2}$ Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia de Produção

$^{3}$ Universidade Paulista, R. Dr. Bacelar 1212, Cep 04026-002, São Paulo, Brazil

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Abstract

Articulating all actors and activities of supply chain having an impact on sustainability is a complex task especially for a limited domestic market production sector. This complexity is the result of several factors, such as the quality of the product, the degree of competitiveness and the high costs of transactions, which arise from a small economic scale. This paper proposes a sustainability analysis using emergy accounting and the Cleaner Production approach applied to the case study of a mango pulp supply chain on a local level in Santiago de Cuba. The results obtained show that the current agricultural economy model is characterized by i) the use of chemical fertilizers, II) a large presence of labor and iii) a small use of natural resources. The cleaner production strategy applied to the local fruit supply chain increased the benefits for ecosystems and society. Emergy indices pointed towards higher efficiency, lower energy appropriation for production, lesser pressure on the environment, and a greater contribution to the local economy. The assessment method used proved to be helpful in evaluating the agricultural chains dynamics, especially, after the introduction of Cleaner Production practices.

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the financial support from FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo), process no 2012/25492-0 and Post-Graduation Program of University Paulista (UNIP), Brazil. We also thank the all actors of local supply chain for supplying the production data.

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