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Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management
Dmitry Kovalevsky (editor), Jiazhong Zhang(editor)
Dmitry Kovalevsky (editor)

Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, Fischertwiete 1, 20095 Hamburg, Germany

Fax: +49 (0) 40 226338163 Email: dmitry.v.kovalevsky@gmail.com

Jiazhong Zhang (editor)

School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710049, China

Fax: +86 29 82668723 Email: jzzhang@mail.xjtu.edu.cn


Energy and Urban Systems

Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management 4(2) (2016) 101--103 | DOI:10.5890/JEAM.2016.06.001

Pier Paolo Franzese$^{1}$, David Lazarevic$^{2}$,$^{3}$,†, Sudhakara Reddy$^{4}$

$^{1}$ Laboratory of Ecodynamics, Department of Science and Technology, Parthenope University of Naples, Italy.

$^{2}$ Division of Industrial Ecology, Department of Sustainable Development, Environmental Science and Engineering, KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.

$^{3}$ Environmental Policy Centre, Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, Finland.

$^{4}$ Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.

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Abstract

Energy and environmental security are major problems facing our global economy. Fossil fuels, particularly crude oil, are confined to a few regions of the world while the continuity of supply is governed by dynamic political, economic, and ecological factors. Cities and urban systems are largely dependent on local and imported resources in support of both quantitative and qualitative growth. However, modern cities are experiencing shortages of energy, water, clean air, social relations and cohesion, social inclusion, and ultimately lack of participatory governance of city complexity. At present about 50% of the world population (i.e., about 3.5 billion people) live in cities. The resource basis seems to be insufficient and unfairly distributed to support an acceptable standard of living for a large fraction of urban and rural population. In addition, the concentration of resources required to support cities places a huge load on surrounding environment. For these reasons, cities must face the challenge of reorganizing their infrastructures and lifestyles to cope with the decreasing availability of resources. The priority in policy making is to identify suitable policies to reorganize urban life in the presence of a shrinking resource basis. Such reorganization will have to make cities less energy and material demanding, although still providing high quality standards of life. This cannot occur without investments, research, and important and shared choices about lifestyles.

Acknowledgments

A special thank is due to all the Reviewers who contributed their time and valuable effort. Without their work and scientific support this special issue would not have been possible.

References

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