Skip Navigation Links
Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management
Dmitry Kovalevsky (editor), Jiazhong Zhang(editor)
Dmitry Kovalevsky (editor)

Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, Fischertwiete 1, 20095 Hamburg, Germany

Fax: +49 (0) 40 226338163 Email: dmitry.v.kovalevsky@gmail.com

Jiazhong Zhang (editor)

School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710049, China

Fax: +86 29 82668723 Email: jzzhang@mail.xjtu.edu.cn


Analysis of the Energy Consumption Structure in Shanxi Province Based on Carbon Emissions

Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management 4(1) (2016) 23--36 | DOI:10.5890/JEAM.2016.03.003

Jinjian Li; Yan Zhang; Gengyuan Liu; Hongmei Zheng; Linlin Xia; Xiaoxi Sun

State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Download Full Text PDF

 

Abstract

As one of the most important energy supply and consumption provinces in China, Shanxi has been under great pressure in carbon abatement because of its high-carbon economy. Thus, it is imperative to adjust the energy structure and explore effective ways for energy conservation and carbon emission reduction in Shanxi Province. Based on the energy consumption and carbon emission of different types of energy source, this paper analyzed the carbon emission of each industrial sector in Shanxi from 2003 to 2012, discussed the transfer of carbon emission responsibility caused by inter-provincial energy import and export, and introduced an energy consumption structure index to evaluate the structural characteristics of energy consumption for specific sectors. The results revealed that, during 2003 to 2012, the carbon emission in Shanxi Province increased significantly, which was mainly contributed by the consumption of coal and coke; while the carbon emission of briquette and natural gas grew fastest. From the sectoral perspective, industry and thermal power sectors contributed most to the total carbon emission of this province. About 20%-30% of the electricity produced by the thermal power sector was used for the external supply, so from the perspective of regional fair, the regions who receive the energy should take some responsibility for the corresponding carbon emission. The overall energy structure of Shanxi Province improved gradually. Except for the continuous low emission efficiency of thermal power and heating sectors, most of other sectors showed the energy structure trend towards higher emission efficiency, which represented a lower carbon-intensive development. Based on the energy structure characteristics, recommendations covering both energy conservation and emission reduction were provided to support the lowcarbon economy development in Shanxi Province. Three major measures included the industrial restructuring, energy structure adjustment, and emission reduction on transportation.

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Fund for Innovative Research Group of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 51421065), by the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (no. NCET-12-0059), by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 41571521, 41171068), by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (no. 2015KJJCA09), and by the Priority Development Subject of the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (no.20110003130003).

References

  1. [1]  BP. (2011), BP Statistical Review of World Energy, http://www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
  2. [2]  Chen, C.C. (2011), An analytical framework for energy policy evaluation, Renewable Energy 36(10): 2694-2702.
  3. [3]  Chen, Y.L., Gao, J.X., Han, Y.W. and Li, Y.H. (2009), Environmental effect of energy circle in Shanxi province, Ecology and Environmental Sciences 18(6): 2220-2223. (in Chinese).
  4. [4]  Chung, W., Zhou, G. and Yeung, I.M. (2013), A study of energy efficiency of transport sector in China from 2003 to 2009, Applied Energy 112: 1066-1077.
  5. [5]  Dai, H.C., Masui, T., Matsuoka, Y. and Fujimori, S. (2011), Assessment of China's climate commitment and non-fossil energy plan towards 2020 using hybrid AIM/CGE model, Energy Policy 39(5): 2875-2887.
  6. [6]  de Bustillos, N.P. and Segnini, A.M. (1991), Energy efficiency, carbon emissions and economic development in Venezuela, Energy Policy 19(10): 946-952.
  7. [7]  Dhakal, S. (2009), Urban energy use and carbon emissions from cities in China and policy implications, Energy Policy 37(11): 4208- 4219.
  8. [8]  Diakoulaki, D., Mavrotas, G., Orkopoulos, D. and Papayannakis, L. (2006), A bottom-up decomposition analysis of energy-related CO2 emissions in Greece, Energy 31(14): 2638-2651.
  9. [9]  Geng, Y., Zhao, H., Liu, Z., Xue, B., Fujita, T. and Xi, F. (2013), Exploring driving factors of energy-related CO2 emissions in Chinese provinces: A case of Liaoning, Energy Policy 60: 820-826.
  10. [10]  Gingrich, S., Ku?ková, P. and Steinberger, J.K. (2011), Long-term changes in CO2 emissions in Austria and Czechoslovakia – identifying the drivers of environmental pressures, Energy Policy 39(2): 535-543.
  11. [11]  Guan, D. and Hubacek, K. (2010), China can offer domestic emission cap-and-trade in post 2012, Environmental Science & Technology 44(14): 5327-5327.
  12. [12]  Guo, X.D., Zhu, L., Fan, Y. and Xie, B.C. (2011), Evaluation of potential reductions in carbon emissions in Chinese provinces based on environmental DEA, Energy Policy 39(5): 2352-2360.
  13. [13]  Li, J. and Zhou, H. (2012), Correlation analysis of carbon emission intensity and industrial structure in China, China Population, Resources and Environment 22(1): 7-14. (in Chinese).
  14. [14]  Li, J.H. (2013), Analysis of the competitiveness of regional thermal power enterprises in Shanxi, Modern Industrial Economy and Informationization 17: 39-42. (in Chinese).
  15. [15]  Liu, Z.C., Wang, A.J., Yu, W. J. and Li, M. (2010), Research on regional carbon emissions in China, Acta Geoscientica Sinica 31(5): 727-732. (in Chinese).
  16. [16]  Lise, W. (2006), Decomposition of CO2 emissions over 1980-2003 in Turkey, Energy Policy 34(14): 1841-1852.
  17. [17]  National Bureau of Statistics of China. China Energy Statistical Yearbook (2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013), China Statistics Press: Beijing (in Chinese).
  18. [18]  National Bureau of Statistics of China. China Statistical Yearbook (2010, 2014), China Statistics Press: Beijing (in Chinese).
  19. [19]  National Development and Reform Commission. (2012), National plan on climate change (2014-2020): Beijing. (in Chinese).
  20. [20]  Oikonomou, V., Becchis, F., Steg, L. and Russolillo, D. (2009), Energy saving and energy efficiency concepts for policy making, Energy Policy 37(11): 4787-4796.
  21. [21]  Statistics Bureau of Shanxi Province. Statistical Communiqué of Shanxi Province on the 2014 National Economic and Social Development (2014), China Statistics Press: Beijing (in Chinese).
  22. [22]  Statistics Bureau of Shanxi Province. Shanxi Statistical Yearbook (2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013), China Statistics Press: Beijing (in Chinese).
  23. [23]  Shahiduzzaman, M. and Alam, K. (2013), Changes in energy efficiency in Australia: a decomposition of aggregate energy intensity using logarithmic mean Divisia approach, Energy Policy 56: 341-351.
  24. [24]  Shanxi Development and Reform Commission. (2007), The 11th Five-Year Plan and development prospects in 2020 of Shanxi electric power industry, Shanxi Energy and Conservation 2: 2-5. (in Chinese).
  25. [25]  Shao, L., Chen, G.Q., Chen, Z.M., Guo, S., Han, M.Y., Zhang, B. and Ahmad, B. (2014), Systems accounting for energy consumption and carbon emission by building, Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation 19(6): 1859-1873.
  26. [26]  Siitonen, S., Tuomaala, M. and Ahtila, P. (2010), Variables affecting energy efficiency and CO2 emissions in the steel industry, Energy Policy 38(5): 2477-2485.
  27. [27]  Wang, Z., Zhao, D.T. and Hong, J. (2012), Inter-regional carbon reduction burden apportionment from the perspective of consumers’ responsibility. Forum on Science and Technology in China 10: 103-109. (in Chinese).
  28. [28]  Zhang, G.H. (2011), The development of wind power industry in Shanxi, Modern Industrial Economy and Informationization 5: 62-63.(in Chinese).
  29. [29]  Zhang, S.W. (2010), Study on the interaction of non-fossil fuel share and change in emission intensity, Energy Technology and Economics 22(11), 13-18, (in Chinese).
  30. [30]  Zheng, L.Q. (2012), Sharing the carbon emission reduction responsibility across Chinese provinces: a zero sum gains DEA model, Resources Science 34(11): 2087-2096. (in Chinese).
  31. [31]  Zhou, S., Tong, Q., Yu, S., Wang, Y., Chai, Q., Zhang, X. (2012), Role of non-fossil energy in meeting China's energy and climate target for 2020, Energy Policy 51: 14-19.