Skip Navigation Links
Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management
António Mendes Lopes (editor), Jiazhong Zhang(editor)
António Mendes Lopes (editor)

University of Porto, Portugal


Jiazhong Zhang (editor)

School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710049, China

Fax: +86 29 82668723 Email:

ECO-CITIES: UE NET Systems Integration as New Paradigm Shift in Sustainable Energy Generation and Utilization

Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management 3(4) (2015) 385--394 | DOI:10.5890/JEAM.2015.11.007

Steve-Wonder Amakpah$^{1}$; Gengyuan Liu$^{1}$,$^{2}$

$^{1}$ State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

$^{2}$ Beijing Engineering Research Center for Watershed Environmental Restoration & Integrated Ecological Regulation, Beijing 100875, China

Download Full Text PDF



Cities are responsible for approximately three-quarters of the world's energy consumption, so they play a major role in energy issues such as economic security and climate change. To contribute to the limited literature on advanced energy research such as UE NET and eco-cities energy systems in China, this research investigates the energy system of Qingdao Eco-park. It explores the efficiency of an emerging energy system, Ubiquitous Energy Internet (simply called UE NET) Technology and its application in eco-cities as the new paradigm shift in energy generation and utilization towards achieving sustainable development. Published data on environment and energy indicators for example carbon emission intensity, energy consumption and the final project proposals of Qingdao Eco-park on the energy potential of UE NET were scientifically analyzed. Results indicate that UE NET technology system has a high power saving potential than any stand-alone energy generation options. Energy awareness enables new sets of interactive energy-saving behaviors where devices control their power state to meet user needs while minimizing energy use (Lanzisera et al., 2014). This assertion does not only support findings of this research in a broader perspective, but specifically calls for “energy-integration” that is not just new but very efficient. To achieve this, including low carbon emission intensity reduction, a rigorous further research on UE NET technology in China with full policy-maker support is highly recommended.


This work was supported by the National Science & Technology Pillar Program, China (No.2012BAC05B02), Creative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.51121003), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.1471466), Beijing Municipal Natural Science Foundation (Grand No. 8154051).


  1. [1]  Ajmone-Marsan, M., Arrowsmith, D., W. Breymann, W., Fritz, O., Masera, M., Mengolini, A. and Carbone, A. (2012), The European physical journal special topics, 214, 547-569.
  2. [2]  Applied Energy Symposium and Summit (2015), Low-carbon cities and urban energy systems [official website] retrieved from
  3. [3]  Carreras, I., Miorandi, D., Saint-Paul, R. and Chlamtac, I. (2010), IEEE Trans. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics—PART A: Systems and Humans 40, 815.
  4. [4]  Carvalho, R., Buzna, L., Just, W., Helbing, D. and Arrowsmith, D.K. (2012), Phys. Rev. E 85, 046101
  5. [5]  Energy Corridors: Europe and neighboring countries, (2007), DG Research in Sustainable Energy Systems, retrieved on August 18, 2015,
  6. [6]  Fryman J.B., Huneycutt CM, Lee H.H.S., Mackenzie K.M., Schimmel D.E. Energy Efficient Network Memory for Ubiquitous Devices
  7. [7]  Ghiglione, S. and Larbi, M. (2015), Eco-Cities in China: Ecological Urban Reality or Political Nightmare? Journal of Management and Sustainability, 5(1): 101-114.
  8. [8]  ITU Technology Watch Briefing Report #1 on Intelligent Transport Systems and CALM, retrieved on August 18, 2015
  9. [9]  Kelly, T. (2006), The 4A vision: anytime, anywhere, by anyone and anything, retrieved on August 18, 2015,
  10. [10]  Lanzisera, S., Weber A.R., Liao, A., Pajak, D., and Meier, A.K. (2014), Communicating Power Supplies: Bringing the Internet to the Ubiquitous Energy Gateways of Electronic Devices. IEEE Internet of things journal 1(2), 153-160.
  11. [11]  Liu, G.Y. and Xu, L.Y. (2013), Planning of sustainable energy and air pollution prevention. In: Yang ZF, editor. Eco-Cities: A planning guide. New York: Taylor and Francis Group, pp. 161-176.
  12. [12]  Liu, G.Y., Yang Z.F., Chen, B. and Ulgiati S. (2015), The evolution of cities: “brains” or “parasites” of sustainable production and consumption processes in China, Proceedings of CUE2015-Applied Energy symposium and summit 2015: Low-carbon cities and urban energy systems.
  13. [13]  Qingdao Sino-German Eco-pack [official website], accessed 5th October, 2015,
  14. [14]  Rifkin, J. (2011), The Third Industrial Revolution. How lateral power is transforming energy, the economy and the world, Palgrave Makmillan
  15. [15]  Silbermann, S. (2011), The Energy Web, Wired, 9
  16. [16]  Su, M.R., Xu, L.Y, Chen, B. and Yang, Z.F. (2013), Eco-city planning theories and thoughts. In: Yang ZF, editor. Eco-Cities: A planning guide. New York: Taylor and Francis Group, pp. 3-14.
  17. [17]  Ubiquitous Sensor Networks (USN) (2008), ITU-T Technology Watch Briefing Report Series, 4
  18. [18]  WSIS Thematic Event, organized by ITU, MIC Japan and UNU, on 16-17 May 2005, the chairman’s report on theme The Ubiquitous Network Society:
  19. [19]  Zhou, N., He, G., Williams, C. and Fridley D. (2015), ELITE Cities: A low-carbon eco-city evaluation tool for China. Ecological Indicators 48:448-456.