Skip Navigation Links
Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management
António Mendes Lopes (editor), Jiazhong Zhang(editor)
António Mendes Lopes (editor)

University of Porto, Portugal


Jiazhong Zhang (editor)

School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710049, China

Fax: +86 29 82668723 Email:

Legislative Regulation of Criminal Liability for Environmental Crimes

Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management 8(4) (2020) 323--334 | DOI:10.5890/JEAM.2020.12.002

Yermek A. Buribayev$^{1}$ , Zhanna A. Khamzina$^{1}$, Canzada Suteeva$^{2}$, Nurlan Zh. Apakhayev$^{3}$, Sergazy Zh. Kussainov$^{1}$, Kantkul Zh. Baitekova$^{4}$

$^{1}$ Department of Law, Abai Kazakh National Pedagogical University, 050000, 13 Dostyk Ave., Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan

$^{2 }$ Department of History, Abai Kazakh National Pedagogical University, 050000, 13 Dostyk Ave., Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan

$^{3 }$ Department of Law, Kainar Academy, 050000, 7a Satpayeva Str., Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan

$^{4 }$ Department of Medical Law, Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University, 050000, 94 Tole Bi Str., Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan

Download Full Text PDF



The only effective mechanism in the fight against global changes and processes is a conscious attitude to the problem of the planet's population. The purpose of the study was to compare the national and international experience in combating environmental crime and offenses, to identify advantages and disadvantages, and to develop proposals for possible improvement of existing legislation and practical tools in the matter of environmental offenses in the field of nature conservation. As a result, the system of ensuring and compliance with the criminal environmental legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, its weaknesses and strengths, advantages and disadvantages were considered.


  1. [1] Addaney, M. (2018), The clean development mechanism and environmental protection in rapidly developing countries: comparative perspectives and lessons from China and India, Tsinghua China Law Review, 10, 297-331.
  2. [2] Anisimov, A. and Kayushnikov, Y. (2019), Trends and prospects for legislative regulation of legal responsibility for environmental offenses in BRICS countries, Comparative Law, BriCs Law Journal, 6(1), 82-101.
  3. [3] Bakishev, K.A. (2016), Environmental offenses in the new Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Law Abroad, 12(121), 135-140.
  4. [4] Baranivs'kyj, V.F. (2015), Trends in reforming the criminal justice system of the environment in the countries of the world, Legal Science, 8, 69-78.
  5. [5] Barrett, S. and White, R. (2017), Disrupting environmental crime at the local level: an operational perspective, Palgrave Communications, 3(2), 1-8.
  6. [6] Baumstein, A.B. (2006), Guilt, Its Forms and Regulation as Part of Environmental Crimes. Moscow: Moscow State Law Academy.
  7. [7] Criminal Code (Criminal Code) of the Federal Republic of Germany: text and scientific commentary (2010) Retrieved from:{\_}code{\_}germany{\_}en{\_}1.pdf.
  8. [8] Criminal liability for environmental crimes (2017) Retrieved from:
  9. [9] El'cov, V.N. and Shunjaeva, V.A. (2018), Environmental crimes: general criminal law analysis, General Analysis of Environmental Crimes, 4, 23-26.
  10. [10] Fatkulin, S.F. and Grishhenko, V.A. (2018), Combating environmental crime, Bulletin of the South Ural State University, 3(18), 34-38.
  11. [11] Faure, M. (2017), The development of environmental criminal law in the EU and its member states, Review of European Community & International Environmental Law, 26(2), 139-146.
  12. [12] Faure, M. and Partain, R. (2019), Environmental crime. In: Environmental Law and Economics: Theory and Practice (pp. 211-232). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  13. [13] Gaevskaja, E.J. (2016), On the issue of criminal law impact on environmental crime, Bulletin of the Omsk Law Academy, 3(32), 40-45.
  14. [14] Giuseppe, D.V. (2015) Environmental crime. In: Encyclopedia of Law and Economics (pp. 1-8). New York: Springer Science Business Media.
  15. [15] Gusarenko, Y.R. and Bobrov, V.M. (2019), To the question of the legal regulation of environmental contract, Colloquium-Journal, 10(34), 147-149.
  16. [16] Ipjek-Artamonova, M.A. (2016), On the issue of criminal legal protection of environmental safety, Law School of Samara University, 1(2), 86-90.
  17. [17] Komissarov, V.S. and Ensebaeva, G.B. (2015), Criminal law and criminological research of organized forms of complicity in the Republic of Kazakhstan, Criminological Journal of the Baikal State University of Economics and Law, 4(9), 807-827.
  18. [18] Kopylov, M.N. and Mishlanova, V.A. (2014), The criminal law fight against environmental crimes under the laws of the Russian Federation and foreign countries, Law Science, 1, 99-104.
  19. [19] Korobeev, A.I. (1999), The Criminal Code of the People's Republic of China. Vladivostok: Nauka.
  20. [20] Kuznecova, N.F. and Reshetnikova, F.M. (1998), The Criminal Code of Spain. Moscow: Nauka.
  21. [21] Kuznecova, N.I. (2018), The public danger of environmental crime: a criminological aspect, Bulletin of the Omsk Law Academy, 1(15), 64-69.
  22. [22] Rednikova, T.V. (2018), Organized environmental crime in Russia and abroad, Problems of Countering Environmental Crime, 9(142), 98-111.
  23. [23] Serebrennikova, A.V. and Krylova, N.E. (2001), The Criminal Code of Austria, Moscow: Nauka.
  24. [24] Shelemet'eva, E.V. (2019), On the issue of liability for crimes in the field of forest management under the laws of Russia and foreign countries, Enactment and Law, 2, 108-112.
  25. [25] South, N. (2015), Green Criminology, Environmental Crime Prevention and the Gaps between Law, Legitimacy and Justice, Revija za Kriminalistiko in Kriminologijo, 4, 373-381.
  26. [26] Spadotto, A.J., Barreiro, M.D.R. and de Medeiros, G.A. (2017), Inferences on the Brazilian Environmental Crimes Law in comparison with the Colombian Criminal Code, Veredas do Direito, 14(28), 221-249.
  27. [27] Spapens, T. (2018), Cross-border police cooperation in tackling environmental crime.
  28. [28] Stoett, P.J. (2015), The evolution of and prospects for transnational environmental crime prevention. Commission on Global Security, Justice & Governance. Retrieved from:{\_}BP{\_}Stoett.pdf.
  29. [29] Strategic development plan of the Republic of Kazakhstan until 2025, approved by Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated February 15, 2018 No. 636. (2018) Retrieved from{\_}acts/ob-utverzhdenii-strategicheskogo-plana-razvitiya-respubliki-kazahstan-do-2025-goda-i-priznanii-utrativshimi-silu-neko- toryh-ukazov-prezidenta.
  30. [30] Tacconia, L., Rodriguesa, R.J., and Maryudi, A. (2019), Law enforcement and deforestation: Lessons for Indonesia from Brazil, Forest Policy and Economics, 108, 1-10.
  31. [31] The Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 16, 2014 as amended by dated January 11, 2020 (2020) Retrieved from:{\_}id=31575252.
  32. [32] Timoshenko, Y.A. (2019), The Construction of Criminal Law on Liability for Environmental Crimes: Problems of Theory and Practice. Moscow: University of the Prosecutor of the Russian Federation.
  33. [33] Verevicheva, M.I. (2004), The Concept and System of Environmental Crimes (Methodological Aspects). Ulyanovsk: Ulyanovsk State University.