Skip Navigation Links
Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management
António Mendes Lopes (editor), Jiazhong Zhang(editor)
António Mendes Lopes (editor)

University of Porto, Portugal


Jiazhong Zhang (editor)

School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710049, China

Fax: +86 29 82668723 Email:

Modeling of a Small Scale Wind Turbine for Water Pumping Process: Case Study

Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management 6(3) (2018) 273--289 | DOI:10.5890/JEAM.2018.09.008

Ahmed Boubenia$^{1}$,$^{2}$, AhmedHafaifa$^{2}$, Mouloud Guemana$^{3}$, Abdellah Kouzou$^{2}$, Mohamed Becherif$^{4}$

$^{1}$ Modelling, Simulation and Optimization of Alternative and Sustainable Systems Team, URMPE, University of Boumerd`es 35000, Algeria

$^{2}$ Applied Automation and Industrial Diagnostic Laboratory, University of Djelfa 17000 Algeria

$^{3}$ Faculty of Science and Technology, University of M´ed´ea, 26000, Algeria

$^{4}$ FEMTO-ST UMR CNRS 6174, FCLab FR CNRS 3539, UTBM, 90010 Belfort (cedex), France

Download Full Text PDF



This paper deals with the study of a small scale wind turbine implementation for agricultural isolated location. Indeed, the electrification of these locations for industrial and agricultural requirements remains one of the largest current projects, especially when dealing with the use of sustainable sources such as solar, hydro and wind power. The main aim of this work is to validate the feasibility of using wind turbine in this location and to evaluate the performance of the excess energy storage capacity, which in this case is stored as water under the potential energy form. The study represented in this paper has been performed under the case of pumping water station using wind turbine in an isolated location at the north of Algeria, considering that this site fulfills the requirement of a favorable wind potential and a permanent water source. The design of the used wind turbine is based on the constraints of the climate data of the selected location and the lower cost of the implementation means, whereas, the water tank dimensions are is optimized with respect to the daily water consumption data and the available excess of energy to be stored and to be used later for water pumping during the period of wind absence.


  1. [1]  Belabes, B., Youcefi, A., Guerri, O., Djamai, M., and Kaabeche, A. (2015), Evaluation of wind energy potential and estimation of cost using wind energy turbines for electricity generation in north of Algeria, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 51, 1245-1255.
  2. [2]  Bouzidi, B. (2011), Viability of solar or wind for water pumping systems in the Algerian Sahara regions - case study Adrar, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(9), 4436-4442.
  3. [3]  Campana, P.E., Li, H.L., and Yan, J.Y. (2013), Dynamic modelling of a PV pumping system with special consideration on water de-mand, Applied Energy, 112, 635-645.
  4. [4]  Cooney, C., Byrne, R., Lyons, W., and O'Rourke, F. (2017), Performance characterisation of a commercial-scale wind turbine operating in an ur-ban environment, using real data, Energy for Sustainable Development, 36, 44-54.
  5. [5]  De Lellis, M., Mendonça, A.K., Saraiva, R., Trofino, A., and Lezana, Á. (2016), Electric power generation in wind farms with pumping kites: An economical analysis, Renewable Energy, 86, 163-172.
  6. [6]  Gopal, C., Mohanraj, M., Chandramohan, P., and Chandrasekar, P. (2013), Renewable energy source water pumping systems: A literature review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 25, 351-370.
  7. [7]  Huang, Q.W., Shi, Y.Q., Wang, Y.P., Lu, L.P., and Cui, Y. (2015), Multi-turbine wind-solar hybrid system, Renewable Energy, 76, 401-407.
  8. [8]  Mahjoubi, A., Mechlouch, R.F., Mahdhaoui, B., and Brahim, A.B. (2014), Real-time analytical model for predicting the cell temperature modules of photovoltaic water pumping systems, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 6, 93-104.
  9. [9]  Naci, C.A. (2003), Energy output estimation for small-scale wind power generators using Weibull-representative wind data, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 91(5), 693-707.
  10. [10]  Ofordile, A.S., Polinder, H., and Ferreira, J.A. (2014), Small wind power generation using automotive alternator, Renewable Energy, 66, 185-195.
  11. [11]  Pérez-Díaz, J.I. and Jiménez, J. (2016), Contribution of a pumped-storage hydropower plant to reduce the scheduling costs of an isolated power system with high wind power penetration, Energy, 109, 92-104.
  12. [12]  Ringwood, J.V. and Simani, S. (2015), Overview of modelling and control strategies for wind turbines and wave energy devices: Comparisons and contrasts, Annual Reviews in Control, 40, 27-49.
  13. [13]  Sichilalu, S., Mathaba, T., and Xia, X.H. (2017), Optimal control of a wind-PV-hybrid powered heat pump water heater, Applied En-ergy, 185(part 2), 1173-1184.
  14. [14]  Tummala, A., Velamati, R.K., Sinha, D.K., Indraja, V., and Krishna, H.V. (2016), A review on small scale wind turbines, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 56, 1351-1371.
  15. [15]  Wang, W.C. and Teah, H.Y. (2017), Life cycle assessment of small-scale horizontal axis wind turbines in Taiwan, Journal of Cleaner Production, 141, 492-501.
  16. [16]  Zhang, X., Sun, L.P., Sun, H., Guo, Q., and Bai, X. (2016), Floating offshore wind turbine reliability analysis based on system grading and dynamic FTA, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 154, 21-33.
  17. [17]  Zhu, B.S., Wang, X.H., Tan, L., Zhou, D.Y., Zhao, Y., and Cao, S.L. (2015), Optimization design of a reversible pump-turbine runner with high efficiency and stability, Renewable Energy, 81, 366-376.