Discontinuity, Nonlinearity, and Complexity
Exact Solutions and Analysis for a Class of Extended Stokes’ Problems
Discontinuity, Nonlinearity, and Complexity 2(1) (2012) 85102  DOI:10.5890/DNC.2012.12.003
L.Z. Zhang$^{1}$,$^{2}$, H.S.Tang$^{2}$, J.P. Y.Maa$^{3}$, G.Q. Chen$^{4}$
$^{1}$ Department of Apply Mathematics, University of Shanghai Finance and Economics, Shanghai 200433, China
$^{2}$ Department of Civil Engineering, City College, City University of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
$^{3}$ Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
$^{4}$ State Key Laboratory of Turbulence and Complex Systems, Department of Mechanics and Aerospace Technology, School of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
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Abstract
This paper studies a class of unsteady flows as extensions of the classic Stokes’ problems to consider influence of solid walls, effect of pressure gradients, and situation of twolayer fluids. The flows are solved using the method of separating variables and the eigenfunction expansion method. With simplifications, the derived solutions will degenerate to solutions to the classic Stokes’ problems, the Couette flow, and the Poiseuille flow. The exact solutions of these flows clearly illustrate the complexity of the involved physics including evolution of flow velocity profiles and energy transferring at fluid boundaries. For a singlelayer flow driven by a plate moving at a constant speed, energy transferred from the plate decreases with time and tends to a nonzero constant as a result of wall effect. In a singlelayer flow with an oscillatory boundary, negative energy input may appear at the boundary. For an airwater flow with a finite depth, the interface velocity is proportional to the air velocity, which is a wellknown observation in physical oceanography. In addition, there is no energy transferring at the interface between the two fluids in a purely pressure driven twolayer flow.
Acknowledgments
This work is supported by NOAA CREST. Support for LZZ also comes from China Scholarship Council.
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